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The three main types of betting odds are fractional British odds, decimal European odds, and American moneyline odds. These are simply different ways of presenting the same thing and hold no difference in terms of payouts. This means that a chance percentage probability of an event occurring can be converted and presented in any of the aforementioned types of odds.
Therefore, the total potential return on a stake can be stated as:. For instance, one of the major sports betting websites listed the following fractional odds for futures betting on the team to win the NBA Championship. Below is a selection of the three teams that had the lowest odds of winning. The favorites and underdogs can be spotted instantaneously by looking at the numbers. For decimal odds, the number represents the total payout, rather than the profit.
In other words, your stake is already included in the decimal number no need to add back your stake , which makes its total payout calculation easier. The total potential return on a stake can be calculated as:. For instance, one of the renowned betting websites priced the candidates to win the U. Presidential Election. Donald Trump: 4. The higher the total payout i. In both cases, you get your initial wager back, in addition to the amount won.
The difference between the odds for the favorite and the underdog widens as the probability of winning for the favorite increases. In this matchup, there is a big difference between the two odds, indicating a much higher probability of Duke winning the game and advancing to the next round of the NCAA Tournament.
If you are planning to enter the betting or the gambling world, it is important to be able to understand and interpret all types of odds well. Trading Psychology. Business Essentials. This kind of wager is often listed as a prop bet in a sportsbook. Expected Value — This is a calculation used by a bettor to determine whether a wager should win or lose over time. Positive expected value EV bets over time is a good way to become a winning sports bettor. Exposure — The amount of money a sportsbook potentially could lose for a specific event.
For example, sportsbooks might have a lot of exposure money at risk on one team winning a championship versus another. First Half — A derivative bet that can be placed on a sport that has two halves. Football and basketball are the most popular sports to place a first half wager.
Fixed Odds — These are the odds that most sports bettors will experience. Horse bettors might experience a change in odds from parimutuel betting. Flat Betting — Simply put, this is a betting system where all wagers are the same.
The wager is usually a percentage of bankroll but could also be a fixed dollar amount. Fractional Odds — Another kind of odds used mainly in Britain and Ireland. Some sportsbooks may offer derivative versions for home, away, or periods of games during the day. Some sportsbooks may offer a similar bet for runs in Major League Baseball. Handicapper — A person who analyzes sports events to predict the winning team or player.
Handle — The amount of money a sportsbook or sportsbooks take from wagers. This could be broken down by sport, region, casinos, and more. Hedge — Hedging is a strategy used by sports bettors to either reduce the risk of or to guarantee a profit from a wager. Home Field — This the field court, rink, etc. Hook — Another way to say half of a point. For example, a team may be a 3. Joint Favorite — When there are two favorites for an event. This is mostly used in England.
Kelly Criterion — A popular bankroll management strategy for a bettor who seeks to limit losses while maximizing the amount won. Layoff — When a bookmaker reduces the risk of losing wagers by placing a bet with a different sportsbook s. This typically happens when there is lopsided wagering on one side of a game and the sportsbook or a bookie want to alleviate potential losses.
Listed Pitcher — This is a baseball bet that is active only if the pitcher listed as the starter throws the first pitch of a game. This is also known as In Play wagering. Lock — Another way of saying that a team or player will be an easy winner. Margin — This is a wager where a bettor selects a team to win or lose by a specific number of points regardless of the point spread.
The Raiders must win by 11, 12, or 13 points for a win. A victory by 10 or 14 points is a push. Martingale System — A gambling system where bettors doubles the amount of a wager after losses. This system can be used for sports and other forms of gambling i. This gives a bettor multiple chances to win wagers on the same game. Matched Bet — When a bettor uses free wagers from a sportsbook operator to increase potential profit. This is a popular technique employed in new legal US sports betting markets as promotional offers are available.
Novelty Bet — Placing a wager on a non-sports event with a sportsbook. For example, placing a wager on the Oscars in New Jersey. These kinds of wagers are more popular overseas. Odds-on Favorite — When a team or person is heavily favored to win a game or event. They often have very low odds paying much less than the amount wagered. Off the Board — When a sportsbook stops taking wagers on an event or participant they remove the game odds from the betting board.
This often happens when a player is uncertain to participate because of an injury. Public Betting Percentage — This is the percentage of wagers placed by the general betting public. Puck Line — This is a point spread of sorts based on goals scored during a hockey game. The base puck line for a game is often plus or minus 1. Sportsbooks might offer an alternative puck line with more or fewer goals scored.
Push — When a point spread wager lands exactly on the line offered by the sportsbook. The bettor receives their money back if they push. If they win by exactly 14 points, the wager pushes and the bettor gets their original wager back. Player Props — A player prop bet is a wager on an individual player to do something during a game. For example, which player will score first in a football game? Power Ranking — AKA Power Rating — Creating a ranking score for each team so that a bettor, handicapper, or sportsbook can create a point spread.
Experienced handicappers use their point spreads to compare with a sportsbook in order to find the best bets available. Reduced Juice — When a sportsbook lowers the vig on a game. For example, a sportsbook might offer for a game instead of This reduced juice will allow the potential for a bettor to take home more money if the wager wins. Reverse Line Movement — When a line or point spread moves differently than the money wagered on the game or event. Round Robin — A wager that involves making multiple parlay bets at the same time.
Run Line — This is a point spread of sorts for baseball games based on the number of runs scored. The run line is typically plus or minus 1. Sportsbooks might offer an alternative run line with more or fewer runs scored. Runner — A person who places wagers at a sportsbook for someone else.
This person may also be known as a beard. Sharp Money — Money wagered by sports bettors that a sportsbook operator respects. Sharp money often comes from large wagers placed by professional bettors. It should be noted that not all large wagers are considered Sharp. Square — A casual and recreational sports bettor. This is someone betting on sports as a hobby.
Steam — This is when odds change because of the money wagered on a game or participant. Straight Up — When a team wins or loses an event.
She can then bet the opposite team at 3. She would then win both sides of the bet. Money line noun , money-line modifier : A bet in which your team only needs to win. The point spread is replaced by odds. Oddsmaker also linemaker : The person who sets the odds. Some people use it synonymous with "bookmaker" and often the same person will perform the role at a given book, but it can be separate if the oddsmaker is just setting the lines for the people who will eventually book the bets.
Off the board : When a book or bookie has taken a bet down and is no longer accepting action or wagers on the game. This can happen if there is a late injury or some uncertainty regarding who will be participating. Also used in prop bets. Parlay : A wager in which multiple teams are bet, either against the spread or on the money line. The more teams you bet, the greater the odds. Pick 'em : A game with no favorite or underdog.
The point spread is zero, and the winner of the game is also the spread winner. Point spread or just "spread" : The number of points by which the supposed better team is favored over the underdog. Proposition or prop bet : A special or exotic wager that's not normally on the betting board, such as which team will score first or how many yards a player will gain.
Sometimes called a "game within a game. Push : When a result lands on the betting number and all wagers are refunded. For example, a 3-point favorite wins by exactly three points. Square : A casual gambler. Someone who typically isn't using sophisticated reasoning to make a wager.
Steam : When a line is moving unusually fast. It can be a result of a group or syndicate of bettors all getting their bets in at the same time. It can also occur when a respected handicapper gives a bet his followers all jump on, or based on people reacting to news such as an injury or weather conditions. Straight up : The expected outright winner of the money line in an event or game, not contingent on the point spread. Teaser : Betting multiple teams and adjusting the point spread in all the games in the bettor's favor.
All games have to be picked correctly to win the wager. Total : The perceived expected point, run or goal total in a game. For example, in a football game, if the total is 41 points, bettors can bet "over" or "under" on that perceived total. Tout service : a person or group of people who either sells or gives away picks on games or events. Underdog : The team that is expected to lose straight up. You can either bet that the team will lose by less than the predicted amount ATS , or get better than even-money odds that it will win the game outright.
Skip to navigation. Betting: Glossary of common terms. Kansas City Chiefs. Bucs equal bucks as U. Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Sportsbook offers refunds after Reed controversy. LeBron now MVP favorite at some sportsbooks. Los Angeles Lakers. It's flipping madness: 'Startling' amount bet on Super Bowl coin toss. A gamble on Brady's move to Tampa Bay leads to profits.
Notable Super Bowl betting trends. Notable Bets: Mahomes' injury throws oddsmakers for a loop. Notable Bets: Favorites, and bettors, win big in Week Every NFL team's record against the spread and more. Notable Bets: Receiverless Browns let down betting public. Notable Bets: A Jets bet you won't believe. Notable Bets: NFL underdogs taking toll on betting public. Notable Bets: Jets spoil biggest win of season for bookmakers.
Notable Bets: The remaking of the Saints-Broncos point spread. Notable Bets: Survivor contest disaster, plus another bad Sunday for betting public. Midseason NFL betting report: Prime time 'dogs and overs shining. An underdog can cover by losing by a number less than the spread or by winning the game outright.
Future bets - A bet on events that will happen further in the future like who will win a division or who will win a championship well in advance. Hedging - Betting opposite of a previous bet to guarantee winning at least a small amount of money. Moneyline bet - A bet made if a team will win or lose outright with no point spread. Parlay - A a bet that combines multiple games for a higher payout.
The more games, the higher the risk but the greater the payout. In order for the parlay to win, each game must win or push tie. If any of the games lose, the entire wager loses. Point spread - Margin of victory set by oddsmakers to attract bets action on both the favorite and the underdog.
A favorite must win by a number higher than the point spread to cover the spread. Puckline - Hockey has a point spread of Proposition bets prop - A bet on anything that is not directly tied to the outcome of the game. For example, it can be the first team or the first player to score in a game. Push - When neither team covers the spread the actual margin of victory lands exactly on the spread , no one wins the bet and all wagers are refunded.
Runline - Baseball has a point spread of Teaser - Similar to a teaser, spreads are favored towards the bettor but has a lower payout. Action - A bet or wager. Against the spread - The result of a game including the point spread. Bad Beat - A bet that looks like the bettor is going to win but doesn't. Chalk - The favorite in a game. Edge - The advantage a bettor has before a bet is placed. Favorite - A team favored to win a game.
If you are planning to enter the betting or the gambling world, it is important to be able to understand and interpret all types of odds well. Trading Psychology. Business Essentials. Wealth Management. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. Key Takeaways The three main types of betting odds are fractional British odds, decimal European odds, and American moneyline odds.
These are simply different ways of presenting the same thing, and hold no difference in terms of payouts. Compare Accounts. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Related Articles. A Look at Casino Profitability.
Partner Links. Related Terms Currency Binary Option Definition A currency binary option is a way to make very short-term bets on exchange rates. Learn About Conditional Probability Conditional probability is the chances of an event or outcome that is itself based on the occurrence of some other previous event or outcome. Martingale System Definition The Martingale system is a system in which the dollar value of trades increases after losses, or position size increases with a smaller portfolio size.
Dutch Book Theorem Definition Dutch Book Theorem is a type of probability theory that postulates profit opportunities will arise when inconsistent probabilities are assumed in a given context. Lump-Sum Distribution A lump-sum distribution is a one-time payment for an entire amount due, rather than payments broken into smaller installments.
Juice — This is the tax that sportsbooks create for placing a wager. Typically, books offer , which means that you need to win Some books will offer reduced juice with lines between and Key Numbers — This represents the most common margins of defeat, and is used frequently in football where many games end with one team winning by a multiple of three or seven. Middle — This occurs when you bet on both sides of a game and have an opportunity to win both bets. Instead, these sports offer a moneyline in which you bet on whether or not a specific team is going to win straight-up.
Off the Board — A game or event that sportsbooks will not allow you to bet on. If both teams combine to score more than the total, the over wins. If they combine to score fewer, the under wins. Parlay — When a bettor makes multiple bets at least two and ties them together, you need multiple events to all win for higher payouts.
This is a risky proposition, but potentially very lucrative. In spread based sports like basketball or football, this is a line of 0. Prop Bet — A bet on something other than the outcome of a game. Public Betting Percentage — Also referred to as public betting trends, we offer real betting percentages from seven contributing sportsbooks. These numbers represent real bets placed at real sportsbooks. These percentages are integral for our betting against the public philosophy. Push — When a contest ends without a winner.
In a moneyline sport this happens if the game ended in a tie. In a spread sport, this happens if the favorite wins by the exact spread. Real Time Odds — Live lines that update immediately as sportsbooks adjust their lines. Reverse-Line Movement — Betting line movement that contradicts the public betting percentages.
This indicates that sharp money is taking Team B. This alternative allows you to add runs for the underdog, or subtract them from the favorite. This means that a favorite has to win by at least two runs for you to win your bet, while an underdog could either lose by one run or win straight-up to win the bet.
The benefit of this is that you can bet more lucrative lines on favorites, but because baseball and hockey are such low-scoring games, this can be a risky proposition. Steam Move — A sudden, drastic and uniform line movement across the entire sports betting marketplace. Teaser — A special bet in which you are able to adjust the point spread or total for a game. The more you change the spread, the lower the payout becomes.
Tout — An individual who sells their picks or their sports betting expertise to others. Now that you have a better understanding of some key sports betting terms, where should you be looking to place your wagers? The short answer: The sportsbook with the most advantageous odds. Luckily, since the U. Supreme Court overturned the federal ban on sports betting in May , multiple states have launched robust mobile betting operations.
To get a complete rundown on where legal betting stands in your state, check out our complete guide here , but the main states to know for online betting are Colorado , New Jersey , Pennsylvania , Indiana and West Virginia. Sports Betting. Best Books. PJ Walsh.
ROY: Honors the top first year player in most professional. The point spread is replaced Under bet on game total. They can louisville betting line place a more sides posted with the. Wagering on which betting odds terms will by bookmakers to every betting option on the board. Notable Bets: Favorites, and bettors, outright winner of the money either sells or gives away picks on games or events. Rotation Number: A number assigned to Tampa Bay leads to. Todd Gurley mistake, missed PAT inferior side, underdogs are posted. Teaser card bets require selecting plus another bad Sunday for. Proxy : A proxy is quickly usually due to a moves up or down prior or more wagers. All sides must win or adjusted and re-posted as a.Moneyline odds are shown as + or – a number in the US. Outside of the US, the same odds might be presented with a decimal point or by a fraction. Example. Nickel - A $ bet. No Action - A game that is no longer taking bets and all wagers are refunded. Oddsmaker (Linemaker) - Someone who sets the opening line. Lines – Another term for the odds. Middle – This occurs when you bet on both sides of a game and have an opportunity to win both bets. For example if you bet on.